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Nature’s Miracle: Witnessing Sea Turtle Nesting Season

Get Ready for Sea Turtle Season in the Florida Panhandle!


Momma Sea Turtle coming on shore to lay her eggs

It’s that magical time when ancient sea turtles return to their birth beaches to lay eggs and keep the circle of life going. During the warmer months, the sandy beaches of Destin, Florida, bear witness to a remarkable natural phenomenon - the nesting season of sea turtles.


These ancient marine reptiles, having roamed the oceans for over 100 million years, embark on an incredible journey to return to the very beaches where they were born, driven by an instinctual urge to perpetuate their species. They play a crucial role in maintaining marine ecosystem balance. Their nesting activities not only contribute to the replenishment of their populations but also support a diverse array of marine life, making it a topic of immense interest to conservationists, scientists, and nature enthusiasts alike.


During this period, the beaches of Destin transform into a sanctuary for these remarkable creatures, offering them a safe haven to lay their eggs and ensure the continuation of their lineage. As the turtles emerge from the ocean, they meticulously select their nesting sites, dig their nests, and deposit their precious eggs, all while facing numerous challenges and threats along the way. Protecting their nesting sites and helping hatchlings reach the sea are vital for their survival. By learning about and respecting their nesting process, we can all pitch in to save these incredible creatures for future generations.


Meet the Nesting Stars as Sea Turtles Take the Stage!


Five of the seven species of sea turtles found worldwide nest along the beaches of Destin, Florida. These include the Loggerhead, Green, Leatherback, Kemp's Ridley, and Hawksbill sea turtles.


Loggerhead Sea Turtle: The Loggerhead is the most common nesting sea turtle in Destin. They are reddish-brown in color with a large head. Adults can weigh up to 300 pounds.

Green Sea Turtle: Green sea turtles get their name from the green color of their fat, not their shells. They are the second most common nester in Destin and are distinguished by a smooth, heart-shaped shell.

Leatherback Sea Turtle: The largest of all sea turtle species, Leatherbacks can reach over 6 feet in length and weigh up to 2,000 pounds. Their distinct leathery shell is black with pinkish-white markings.

Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle: The smallest and most endangered sea turtle, the Kemp's Ridley has a circular, grayish-green shell. They nest in small numbers in Destin.

Hawksbill Sea Turtle: Hawksbills have an elongated, hawk-like beak and a beautiful shell pattern of overlapping scales. They are rare nesters in Destin but occasionally spotted offshore.


All these sea turtles face threats during nesting season, so it’s up to us beachgoers and coastal communities to protect these magnificent mariners and their future hatchlings! So, what should I know and how can I help, you ask?


Why Protecting Sea Turtle Nests Matters:

Ensuring Their Vital Role in Ocean Ecosystems


Although, time-frames can vary slightly from year to year due to fluctuating weather patterns and environmental factors, in Destin, the first nests are typically spotted in early to mid-May, when the water temperatures reach a consistent 80°F (27°C) or higher. This temperature range is crucial for successful nesting and incubation of the eggs. As the season progresses, nesting activity increases, reaching its peak in June and July when the majority of the nests are laid.


Towards the end of the season, in August and September, the nesting activity starts to taper off, with the last nests being laid in early October. It's worth mentioning that on the rare occasion, late nesters may still be spotted in late October or even early November.


Due to environmental factors like coastal erosion, beach nourishment projects, and the presence of artificial lighting which can influence the timing and success of nesting in a particular area, ongoing monitoring efforts are crucial to ensuring the protection of these endangered and threatened sea turtle species, especially during their critical nesting period.


When hatchlings make their dash to the ocean, they follow the natural light of the horizon. However, artificial lights from beachfront properties can disorient them, sending them inland where they risk dehydration, predation, and other dangers.

Nesting habitats are under threat from coastal development, beach erosion, and rising sea levels. Human activities like vehicle traffic and beach furniture can compact the sand, making it tough for hatchlings to emerge.


Predators, both natural and introduced, pose significant risks. Raccoons, foxes, and feral animals can raid nests, while invasive species like fire ants and ghost crabs can destroy them.


The decline in sea turtle populations affects more than just the turtles. As keystone species, they help maintain healthy seagrass beds and coral reefs, and their eggs and hatchlings provide food for other wildlife, supporting coastal biodiversity.


Conservation efforts, like protecting nesting sites and using responsible lighting, are essential.

The Incredible Nesting Process


Sea turtles are like expert navigators, often revisiting the same sandy shores to lay their eggs. Finding these spots is key to keeping them safe. Look for telltale signs like distinctive tracks leading from the water's edge to sandy patches, crafted by mama turtles on a mission.


It begins when a female turtle emerges from the ocean onto the beach. Using her strong front flippers, she digs a body pit, scooping out the sand. Once satisfied with the depth, she begins digging an egg chamber with her rear flippers, carefully creating a safe haven for her precious eggs.


After the egg chamber is prepared, the female turtle starts laying her eggs, typically between 80 and 120 ping-pong ball-sized eggs, depending on the species. The entire egg-laying process can take up to two hours.


Once finished, she covers the nest with the displaced sand, using her front flippers to carefully camouflage the site. To disguise the nest further, the mother turtle will create decoy nests by dragging her body across the sand, leaving multiple trails leading away from the actual nest. This clever tactic helps protect her offspring from predators.


After completing this labor-intensive process, the exhausted turtle returns to the ocean, leaving her eggs to incubate under the warm, coastal sands.


How to Spot Nesting Sites


Keep an eye out for big circular hollows in the sand, aka "body pits," where the turtle digs and lays her eggs. You might also spot little lumpy sand piles, known as "egg chambers," where the magic happens.


If you stumble upon a suspected nesting site, play it cool and avoid disturbing the area. Sea turtle eggs and hatchlings are super sensitive, and any fuss could put them at risk. Instead, give a shout to local authorities or conservation groups—they’ll swoop in to safeguard and keep tabs on the nest.


Remember, in many places, it's against the law to mess with sea turtles or their nests. So, by spotting and reporting nesting sites, you’re becoming a hero in the turtle world, helping ensure these awesome creatures stick around for a long, long time.


Hatchling Emergence and the Race to the Ocean


Sea Turtle hatchling's race to the ocean to begin their journey.

After an incubation period of around 60 days, the tiny hatchlings begin to break free from their eggshells, using a temporary egg-tooth. This amazing process is carefully timed, with the hatchlings working together to synchronize their emergence from the nest.

Once free, they quickly orient themselves towards the brightest horizon - which under natural conditions would be the light reflecting off the ocean.


The hatchlings then begin an urgent race across the beach, using their flippers to propel themselves forward in a frantic crawling motion. Every second counts as they make this perilous journey, faced with obstacles like predators, dehydration, and man-made hazards. Their goal is to reach the relative safety of the crashing waves as quickly as possible.


Upon reaching the surf, the hatchlings swim vigorously through the shallows and into the open ocean. This marks the beginning of their incredible oceanic journey but only a tiny fraction of these valiant hatchlings will survive to adulthood and eventually return to the very beaches where they began life.


Lights Out for Turtles:

How Beachfront Lighting Affects Our Flippered Friends


Artificial lights near beaches can send sea turtle hatchlings on a wild goose chase. These little guys need the moon and stars as their GPS to find their way to the ocean. But bright lights confuse them, leading to inland adventures full of risks.


And it's not just the babies—mama turtles get turned around too! Bright lights can make them think it's party time instead of nesting time, wasting precious energy on a futile search for darkness.


But fear not! Coastal communities can be heroes by dialing down the light pollution. Rules for shielded, soft lights or amber LEDs can help. Property owners can join in too, using motion sensors, timers, and angling lights away from the beach during nesting season.


With fewer lights, it's smoother sailing for sea turtles on their journey from nest to sea.


Tidy Beaches Equals Happy Turtles


Keeping our shores spick and span is a must for our flippered friends. Debris, litter, and pesky obstacles can really cramp their style, leading to some serious turtle trouble.


Here's the scoop: during nesting season, tidy up before twilight! Stuff like beach chairs, umbrellas, and toys can be real hazards for nesting turtles or tiny hatchlings.


But wait, there's more! Trash talk time—plastic waste and fishing lines are turtle terrors. Swallowing them or getting tangled up is a big no-no. That's why we're all about beach cleanups and smart trash disposal.


Even natural stuff like fallen trees or big rocks can be a hassle. So, let's clear the way for our shelled pals!


By keeping our beaches shipshape and obstacle-free, we're giving sea turtles a fighting chance at nesting and hatchling success and every bit of beach TLC counts for these awesome ocean pals!


Turtle-Friendly Beach Etiquette: Your Must-Read Guide for Nesting Season!



Don't leave holes on the beach. Make sure to fill them before you leave.


Ready to be a beach hero? Here's your crash course in responsible seaside behavior during nesting season:

  1. Respect the Nest: Stay clear of marked nesting areas—they're like VIP zones for turtle moms! Let them do their thing without interference.

  2. Hands Off: No touching! Keep your hands to yourself and let those precious eggs be. Tampering can spell trouble for hatchlings.

  3. Lights Out: Say no to flashlights near nesting spots after dark. Those bright lights can totally mess with baby turtles' navigation skills.

  4. Keep it Clean: Be a beach clean-up champion! Pick up trash like a pro to keep those sandy shores turtle-friendly.

  5. Clear the Way: When you're done soaking up the sun, take your stuff with you. Chairs and umbrellas left behind can be major obstacles for nesting turtles and hatchlings.

  6. Fill Those Holes: If you or someone else digs a hole, be sure to fill it with sand. Baby turtles on their journey to the ocean can fall in and get trapped, which could be fatal for them.

  7. Follow the Rules: Stick to the playbook! Local regulations are there for a reason—to keep our turtle friends and their homes safe.

By rocking responsible beach behavior, you're not just chilling by the shore—you're helping to save some seriously cool sea creatures! 🐢🏖️


Get Involved: Ways to Support Sea Turtle Conservation Locally


Looking to make a difference for sea turtles? Volunteering is your ticket to action! Coastal communities are always on the lookout for dedicated helpers like you to lend a hand in protecting these incredible creatures.


Here's how you can jump in: join a sea turtle patrol or nest monitoring team. You'll learn the ropes of spotting, marking, and safeguarding nests, playing a vital role in gathering data and ensuring their safety.


But that's not all! Dive into beach clean-ups and dune restoration projects. Your efforts in clearing debris and nurturing vegetation contribute to creating healthier nesting environments for turtles.


And if you love spreading awareness, there's a spot for you too! Assist with public outreach, educational initiatives, or become a guide for those eager to learn more about sea turtle conservation.


By getting involved, you're not just lending a hand—you're becoming an essential part of the team working to protect these ancient marine marvels. So, take the plunge and be a part of something meaningful!


Fun Learning Sea Turtle Adventures and Education for Kids!


Getting kids excited about sea turtle conservation is not just educational—it's a blast!


Try hands-on activities like crafting sea turtle models from recycled goodies or organizing beach clean-ups. These interactive experiences teach kiddos about sea turtles while showing them how they can be superheroes for the environment.


Explore age-appropriate books, videos, and online resources filled with sea turtle facts and fun. Let storytelling and role-playing games transport kids into the world of sea turtles, making learning an adventure!


And don't forget the real-life experiences! Join local sea turtle monitoring programs or hatchling release events for memories that'll last a lifetime. These hands-on activities inspire budding environmentalists under the watchful eye of grown-ups.


Incorporate sea turtle education into classroom lessons or family outings to nurture a new generation of ocean protectors. Together, we're raising kids who understand the importance of saving these amazing creatures and their homes.


Turtle Tales: Celebrating Wins and Tackling Challenges!


Let's chat about some fin-tastic success stories and the hurdles we're still tackling!

First up, let's give a round of applause for the Kemp's ridley sea turtle! Thanks to teamwork between the U.S. and Mexico, plus some serious beach protection and clever shrimp trawl tricks, their numbers have soared from just a handful to over 25,000 nests. And don't forget our buddies in Hawaii—the green sea turtles are making waves too!


Illegal poaching and pesky fishing gear accidents are also big worries. Some folks still think it's okay to munch on turtle treats or snag their shells, which puts a real dent in our turtle tribe.


With local heroes, such as Friends of South Walton Sea Turtles and Navarre Beach Sea Turtle Conservation Center rallying to protect nesting spots and dimming the lights along the coast, their nest numbers have skyrocketed from a few hundred to over 1,000 every year.


Join the Turtle Team: Protect, Volunteer, and Spread the Word!


Sea turtles' survival is linked to protecting their nesting sites. These creatures have navigated the oceans for millions of years, maintaining marine ecosystem balance. However, human activities and environmental challenges threaten their existence.


You can help! Support local conservation efforts, volunteer for beach cleanups, and spread awareness about responsible beach behavior during nesting season. Stay informed about sea turtle nesting seasons by following trusted organizations and local authorities. Attend educational events, participate in citizen science projects, and encourage your community to prioritize sea turtle protection. Together, we can make a difference and ensure sea turtle nesting continues for generations.


***For more information about how to help or get involved, or to report someone disturbing a sea turtle nest or an injured, dead or harassed sea turtle call:


Wildlife Alert 888-404-FWCC (888-404-3922)

or report it online at

Cell phone users can also call *FWC or #FWC, or send a text to Tip@MyFWC.com.









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